Tuesday, January 7, 2014

  1. Children adapt to their environment. This is a desire that sparks their curiosity.
  2. In the concrete operational stage, children learn about conservation.
  1. Vygotsky felt that social interaction provided the foundation for cognitive development.
  2. Everyone learns by building on previous experiences. This is known as scaffolding.
  1. Positive and negative reinforcement both increase behavior. However, positive reinforcement increases behavior by adding a stimulus, and negative reinforcement increases behavior by removing a stimulus.
  2. In operant conditioning the manipulator uses a stimulus to create a desired response.
Information Processing
  1. Information must first go into the short-term memory before it can be “filed” in the long-term memory. There is only about twenty seconds in which this process occurs.
  2. If a teacher gives students a review for an exam, they tend to do better on tests than if none is given. The review gives them “specific strategies for learning.”

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